Bata

    In the city of Zlin, Czech Republic, Tomasz Bata, Tomasz Bata, in 1895, together with two brothers and three employees, opened his business under the name of A. Batya. At the beginning of the First World War, the firm employed about 400 people, but in 1915, thanks to the order of the Austro-Hungarian troops, the number of workers increased to 5000 people. In 1924, in-line production was introduced, and in 1928 - a conveyor belt, productivity increased by 75%, the number of workers by 35%. In 1928 the first branches were established abroad, in 1930 a forty-hour working week was introduced.


    Bata created not only a factory, but all conditions for themselves and workers. Himself produced raw materials and sold without intermediaries, on what and saved. He also had a tanner, a machine-tool company, and was the owner of fields and forests. For the workers, he built "Baťovy domky" (individual housing) and a hostel, which together with a relatively high salary was the main reason for the influx of labor and the growth of the factory in the town of Zlín. There were schools for future workers, kindergartens, and other services. All of Zlín was created according to the functionalist plan of the architect František Gahura with the name "Garden City" (Czech Zahradní město).


    After the tragic death of Tomasz Bati in an airplane crash on his own aircraft (1932), the firm under the leadership of Jan Antonin Bati, Tomasz's half-brother, expanded its production spheres. Production of pneumatic equipment, rubber products, semisynthetic fiber, toys, metalworking machines, knitting machines, airplanes, bicycles, etc. has been introduced. The concern also includes the construction industry and the insurance company Atlas. In 1938, the concern included 63 foreign companies, the railway to Vizovice (Czech Vizovice), a travel agency, private transport, a flight to Otrokovice, a construction company, trading houses and shops-about 8,000 trade outlets in the homeland and more than 8,000 Abroad, housing stock, own forests and fields. The concern provided more than 67,000 jobs.


    The events of the Second World War caused great damage to the enterprise. Managers, including Jan Antonin Batya, left for America. The Czech part of the company Baťa on October 27, 1945 was nationalized and renamed Svit (People's Enterprise). The communist leadership of Czechoslovakia exported to the USSR and the countries of the socialist community, footwear made at the Bati factories under the brand "Tsebo" (from the Czech České boty). The center of the Baťa joint-stock company for foreign factories and branches became the Canadian city of Toronto. In Zlin, a branch has been opened since 1991.


    To date. The brand Bata has a worldwide network of shoe stores, an excellent reputation and fame. The name of Tomasz Bati is still being associated with the brand name.


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